The Volkswagen Jetta produced by the German automaker Volkswagen Group for the Volkswagen passenger car brand since 1979 C segment. Positioned to fill sedan niche above Golf hatchback offering of the company was sold in six different generations as the Atlantic, Fox, Vento, Bora, Jetta, Jetta, GLI, Jetta, Sagitar. The Jetta has been adapted by adding a conventional trunk to the Golf hatchback, and some distinctive styling. It was available in both sedan and four-door and five-door goods versions – all five seats. Since 2005, over 6.6 million cars have been sold worldwide, over one-third in the United States only. Since the original version in 1980, the car has grown in size and power with each successive generation. In mid-2011, nearly 10 million Jetta have been produced and sold worldwide. The Jetta nameplate is a reference to the Atlantic ‘jet stream’, reflecting the period in Volkswagen’s history by naming its vehicles after the high winds. These also included the Volkswagen Passat, Volkswagen Bora Volkswagen Scirocco.
Volkswagen Jetta First Generation
Although the course had achieved considerable success in the North American markets, Volkswagen observed that the hatchback body style lacked some of the appeal to those who preferred the traditional three-box configuration. The style of the 1970s AMC Gremlin was controversial for truncating the Hornet sedan, but Volkswagen stylists reversed the process of grafting a new trunk mainly in the tail of the Golf to produce a large sedan Jetta. The Jetta became the best-selling U.S. car European, Canada and Mexico. The car is also very popular in Europe, including the UK, Germany and Turkey. The Jetta was introduced to the world of 1979 Frankfurt Auto Show. Production of the first generation began in August 1979 at the Wolfsburg plant. In Mexico, the Mark 1 was known as the “Volkswagen Atlantic”.
Volkswagen Jetta Second Generation (A2, Type 16, 1G)
The Mark 2 series is the oldest so far Volkswagen Jetta. Introduced in Europe in early 1984 and in North America in 1985, the second generation Jetta proved to be a best-selling Volkswagen. The car has won the title of best-selling European car in North America, Farmers Journal COTY 1991 and sold the land like two against one in this market. Based on the new platform of all second-generation Golf, the car was larger, heavier, and could seat five people instead of four as in the Mark 1. Exterior dimensions increased in all directions. Overall length increased by 100 mm, the wheelbase has increased by 66 mm, and width has increased by 53 millimeters. The suspension setup was basically unchanged from the first generation, although refined slightly, for example, by including a separate mounting arm front suspension cradle to help noise isolation, as well as improved rubber mountings for all components. Significantly improved aerodynamics, a drag coefficient of 0.36. With a load capacity of 470 liters, the boot became almost as large as some American-size sedans. Salon Interior also increased by 14%, which changed the EPA class from sub-compact to compact.
Cars built in Germany were assembled in a new plant at Wolfsburg in Assembly Hall 54. The plant was very robotic in an effort to build a more consistent quality. Innovations include the second generation on-board computer option, as well as silicone dampened engine mounts and transmission to reduce noise, vibration and harshness. In 1988, a more advanced fully electronic fuel injection system became available. This provision is known as the Digifant Engine Management system.
Volkswagen Passat Third Gneration (A3, Type 1H)
For the third generation, the Jetta name was discontinued, and was officially named the Volkswagen Vento in European countries, following the precedent of naming cars for winds debuted in 1992. Jetta 3 debuted in North America in 1993 after production delays and quality problems at the Volkswagen plant in Puebla, Mexico. The name “Vento” means “wind” in both Portuguese and Italian. It was released in most of Europe in the first quarter, but not reach the British market until September 1992. Due to the success of the second generation in North America, Volkswagen decided to keep the Jetta nameplate. However, in Europe the car was given a new name to appeal to a younger market.
Fourth Generation Volkswagen Jetta (A4, Type 1J)
The production of the fourth generation car began in July 1999. Following the nomenclature of the wind, the car was known as the Volkswagen Bora in much of the world. Bora is a winter wind which blows intermittently over the coast of the Adriatic Sea, as well as in parts of Greece, Russia, Turkey and the region of Sliven in Bulgaria. In North America and South Africa, the Jetta moniker was again kept on due to the popularity of the car in those markets.
The Mk4 began shortly after its big brother, the Passat, with which it shares many elements of style. The rounded shape and arched roof line served the new Volkswagen style, abandoning traditional sharp creases for more curved corners. A distinctive feature of the Mk4 is its Whiptenna a trademark of the antenna at the rear end of the roof, which claims to suffer less drag than traditional antennas due to its short length and leeward position. For the first time, the rear passenger doors differed from those of a 5-door Golf. The car is also available as an estate. New on this generation were some advanced options such as rain sensor controlled windshield wipers and automatic climate control. However, these are expensive extras and many buyers did not specify on their cars, following the second-hand market is full of poorly equipped models.
Volkswagen Jetta Fifth Generation (A5, Type 1K)
The fifth generation debuted at the Los Angeles Auto Show on January 5, 2005. It was only the second Volkswagen product will make its world debut at the United States. In addition, five brand sedan / sedan went on sale in the United States before any other country, reflecting the importance of the car in that market for Volkswagen. U.S. $ 800 million was spent on improving the Puebla plant in its production. This included a new line of U.S. $ engine power output of the plant 5-cylinder 290 million, U.S. $ 50 million investment in the press shop, as well as the purchase of 460 robots 200 million U.S. dollars, which increased automation of 80%.
Although produced in the largest volumes in Mexico, final assembly of the car also takes place in China and South Africa to the respective markets. As the first production of the second generation in China, the Asian and African plants build the car hit complete kit comes in Puebla. Local assembly in Kaluga, Russia started in early 2008.
Volkswagen Jetta Sixth Generation (A6, type 1B)
The sixth generation Volkswagen Jetta, known as the NCS during its development, was announced in the North American market in June 2010. The new model is larger and cheaper to produce than the previous Jetta making the vehicle more competitive against rivals such as the Toyota Corolla and Honda Civic as part of Volkswagen’s goal of reaching sales of 800,000 units the North American market in 2018. Production of the vehicle is the home of Volkswagen Puebla, Mexico, facility. The sixth generation Volkswagen Jetta was primarily designed by Volkswagen Mexico under the leadership of Volkswagen in Germany and 70% of the parts are designed and manufactured in Mexico.
Volkswagen Jetta Motorsport
From 2008-2010, Volkswagen and the Sports Car Club of America hosted the Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup, the factory prepared 2009 Jetta TDI. For the 2010 SCCA World Challenge season, Irish Mike’s Racing Glis campaign in the car category. Todd Buras won rounds 1 and 2 of the Grand Prix of St. Petersburg and round 10 at Virginia International Raceway while Chip Herr won round 4 at Mosport.
2011 Volkswagen Jetta Recall
Volkswagen of America September 30, 2011, announced a recall involving 2009-2012 Jetta Sportwagen TDI Jetta with 2.0L and recalling points to a resonance condition with the fuel injection line and # 2 fuel injector pulse, causing tiny cracks in the line, which could escape.