The Volkswagen Golf is a compact car produced by German automaker Volkswagen since 1974 and marketed worldwide through seven generations, in various body configurations and under various nameplates – as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada, and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico. The original Volkswagen Golf Mk1 was a front-wheel drive, front engine replacement for,, rear-wheel drive with rear air-cooled Volkswagen Beetle engine. Historically, the Golf is Volkswagen’s best-selling model and the second best-selling model in the world, with more than 29 million built in 2012.
Most production of the Golf was initially in the 3-door hatchback style. Other variations include a 5-door hatchback, estate / wagon (Variant, from 1993), convertible (Cabriolet and Cabrio, 1979-2002, 2011-present), and a three-volume saloon / sedan Golf derivatives, variously called Volkswagen Jetta Volkswagen Vento (since 1992) or Volkswagen Bora (1999). The cars have filled many market segments, from basic personal cars, to high-performance hot hatches.
The Volkswagen Golf has won many awards throughout its history. The Volkswagen Golf won the World Car of the Year in 2009 with the Volkswagen Golf Mk6 and in 2013 the Volkswagen Golf 7. Every generation of Golf has been a finalist in the European Car of the Year. Golf is one of the two cars, the other is the Renault Clio, who have been elected European Car of the Year twice, in 1992 and 2013. The Volkswagen Golf has made annual Car and Driver 10 Best list several times .
Volkswagen Golf First Generation (A1, Typ 17 1974-1983)
In May 1974, Volkswagen presented the first generation Golf as a modern front-wheel-drive, long-range replacement for the Volkswagen Beetle. Later Golf variations included the Golf GTI “hot hatch” (introduced in June 1976), a version with diesel (September 1976) engine, the Jetta sedan hatchback (October 1979), the Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet (from January 1980) and a Golf-based pickup, the Volkswagen Caddy. The Golf Mk1 was sold as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada, and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico. A facelifted version of the Golf Mk1 was produced in South Africa as the Citi Golf from 1984 to 2009.
Volkswagen Golf Second Generation (A2, Typ 1G, 1983-1992)
September 1983 saw the introduction of the second generation Golf Mk2 that slightly grew in terms of wheelbase dimensions, exterior and interior, while retaining, in a more rounded shape, the overall appearance of the Mk1. Although it was available in the domestic market and indeed most other markets wheel left before the end of 1983, I was launched in the UK market until March 1984. The original Golf was one of the few front-wheel drive hatchbacks sold in Britain and indeed elsewhere on arrival in the previous decade, at this stage, however, virtually every major manufacturer was producing a similar Golf hatchback.
In 1985, the first Golfs with four wheel drive (Golf syncro) went on sale with the same system of four-wheel drive Syncro be used in supercharged G60 models, exclusively released on the continent in 1989, with 120 kW (160 hp ) and ABS brakes. A second generation based on Mk2 Jetta was unveiled in January 1984. There was no Mk2-based convertible model, instead, the Mk1 Cabriolet was continued throughout the production process Mk2.
Volkswagen Golf Third Generation (A3, Typ 1H, 1993-1997)
The third generation Golf Mk3 made its debut in the domestic market in August 1991 and again grew slightly compared to its immediate predecessor, while its wheelbase remained unchanged. New engines included the first direct injection engine (TDI) diesel turbo on a golf course, and 2.8 L VR6 engine narrow angle. The VR6 engined version accelerated 0-97 km / h (0-60 mph) in 7.1 seconds, with a record of 15.5 seconds at 400 meters (1/4 mile) time 145.6 kmh (90.5 mph ). EPA estimated 9.0 L / 100 km, 31 mpg-imp (26 mpg-US) (city) and 7.4 L / 100 km, 38 mpg-imp (32 mpg-US) (Highway) 420 km (261 miles) per tank (city) and 584 km (363 miles) per tank (highway). For the first time in history, an estate of Golf (Golf Variant) joined the lineup in September 1993 (although most markets did not receive this model until early 1994). At the same time, a new Mk3-derived Cabriolet was introduced, replacing the 13-year-old Mk1-based version similar to the Golf Mk3 body from 1994 and early 1999. The Mk3 Golf Cabrio received one Mk4 facelift model style of the late 1999 and continued until 2002. notchback version, called VW Vento (or Jetta in North America), introduced in January 1992.
It was European Car of the Year for 1992, ahead of the new ZX model PSA and GM’s new Astra model. The Mk3 continued to be sold until 1999 in the United States, Canada and parts of South America, also in Mexico as a special edition called “Mi” (Golf CL 4 door, added A / C, special interiors, OEM black tinted rear lights, and ABS, no OEM radio) (“Mi” (“i” in red) represents multipoint injection and engine 1.8 L amounted to 2.0).
Volkswagen Golf Fourth Generation (A4, Typ 1J, 1997-2004)
The Golf Mk4 was first introduced in August 1997, followed by a notchback version (VW Bora or, in North America, again VW Jetta) in August 1998 and a new Golf Variant (estate) in March 1999. There was no Mk4-derived Cabriolet, although the Mk3 Cabriolet received a facelift in late 1999 that comprised bumpers, grill and similar to those of the Mark 4 models headlights. New high-performance models include the 3.2 L VR6 engined four-wheel drive Golf “R32”, introduced in 2002, its predecessor, the 2.8 VR6 engine-L “Golf V6 4Motion” (successor of 2.9 L Mk3 “Golf VR6 Syncro “) as well as the use of the famous 1.8T (turbo) 4 cylinder used in various models of the Volkswagen Group.
As of 2008, certain variants of the Golf / Bora Mk4 were still in production in Brazil, China and Mexico. The revised versions of the Mk4 were sold in Canada marketed as the City Golf and City Jetta from 2007 to 2010. The two models were entry-level offerings VW Canada. They received a significant refreshing for the 2008 model year, including headlights, taillights revised front and rear fascias, sound systems, and wheels. Both models are offered only with the 2.0 L engine SOHC 8-valve four-cylinder petrol with a capacity of 86 kW (115 hp). They were the only entry-level deals with an optional six-speed automatic. The production of European variant of Golf Mk4 ceased in late 2003 model year production of the US version ended in 2006. When the Chinese market Bora received a facelift July 2006, the Golf did too, becoming the “Bora HS” in the process. The popularity and low cost MK4 has allowed stay in production in several countries, including Brazil and Argentina, with minor cosmetic changes.
Volkswagen Golf Fifth Generation (A5, Typ 1K, 2004-2009)
The Golf Mk5 was introduced in Europe in 2003. In North America, Volkswagen brought back the Rabbit nameplate when the vehicle introduced in 2006. In Canada, the Golf is still prevalent plate features the fifth generation (although rabbit and Golf both have historically been used). The American base model is powered by a five-cylinder 2.5-liter that produces 112 kW (150 hp) in 2006 and 2007, but increased to 127 kW (170 hp) in subsequent models. A GTI version is powered by a turbocharged 2.0 TFSI engine that produces 147 kW (200 hp) version.
Volkswagen also introduced the “Fast” marketing idea for the US market “, dedicated to the” fast “that lives inside every driver.” Drivers who have purchased new from a dealership Mk5s GTI model said Fast, which employs GTI-like features. Were sent The GTI version is the only version on sale in Mexico. The saloon / sedan version, again called Volkswagen Jetta in most markets, is assembled in Germany, South Africa and in Mexico. (In Mexico this car is known as Bora.) It was followed in 2004 by a new Golf Variant. The front ends of the cars are the same, the only difference being that the GLI is a sedan, while the GTI is a hatchback. The latest models of the Mk5 introduced the 1.4 TSI petrol engine with front wheel drive turbo.
In 2007, VW built based on the Golf Mk5 with 6.0 liter W12 engine from Volkswagen Phaeton prototype. The engine was tuned twin turbo and to provide an extra 200 hp, giving 641 hp. Volkswagen said the car can accelerate from 0-100 km / h (0-62 mph) in 3.7 seconds. The Golf GTI W12 was rear-wheel drive with automatic transmission with six gears. The body was extensively modified to carry the engine was enlarged and given a rear spoiler to improve handling. The W12 engine was placed in the center of the car to improve the grip of the car.
Volkswagen Golf Sixth Generation (A6, Typ 5K, 2009-2012)
Volkswagen Golf Mk6 based on the existing PQ35 platform of the Golf Mk5. This vehicle was debuted at the 2008 Paris Motor Show. The Mk6 Golf was designed by Volkswagen chief designer Walter da Silva. The design is said to be more aerodynamic, helping fuel efficiency, and is quieter than its predecessor. Following criticism of the downgraded interior trim quality of the Mk5 Golf in comparison to the Mk4, Volkswagen opted to reform the interior to match the quality with the Mk4 Golf, while maintaining the same ease of use of the Mk5. The car is also cheaper to build than its predecessor, Volkswagen claims that consequently be able to pass these savings on to customers. The MK6 Jetta was launched in Mexico in mid-2010 and end of 2011 will be available in all markets worldwide. Turbo diesel direct injection using the common rail direct injection unit injector system will replace the longstanding Pumpe / Düse (PD). New on the Golf, is the adaptive control Volkswagen optional chassis (not available on the market in North America), which allows the driver to select between ‘normal’ comfort ‘and means’ sport’, which will vary the suspension, steering accelerator and behavior accordingly.
The Mk6 Golf is available in both 5- and 6-speed manual transmission, and 6 or 7-speed DSG (Dual Clutch) transmission options. In the US, the MK5 version was originally sold as the Rabbit 2006 to 2009. In 2010, Volkswagen brought back the nameplate course with mid-cycle update. With him he brought a 130 kW (170 hp), 2.5-liter I-5 to 240 N · m (177 lb ft) of torque and 2.0 liters, 100 kW (140 hp) turbocharged I-4 engine clean diesel generating 320 N · m (236 lb ft) of torque. The GTI version is equipped with a 150 kW (200 hp) I-4 turbocharged TSI petrol while the Golf R has a 191 kW (256 hp) TFSI turbocharged I-4 engine. All three engines can be combined with a dual clutch DSG 6-speed automatic or 6-speed manual transmission, either in a configuration of 3 or 5 doors. The car was introduced for sale in the UK in January 2009, and in North America in October 2009 as the 2010 Golf, rather than Rabbit. The Mk6 also reintroduced a choice of diesel engine for the US market. The Volkswagen Golf is a Mk6 2012 IIHS Top Safety Pick.
Volkswagen Golf Seventh Generation (A7, Typ 5G, 2012-present)
The seventh generation Golf debuted in late 2012 at the Paris Salon. The Golf VII, Typ 5G uses the new MQB platform, shared with the third generation of the Audi A3, Seat Leon and Skoda Octavia. Is slightly larger than the Mk6 while managing be about 100 kg lighter, depending on the choice of the engine. The GTI offer a 162 kW (217 hp) turbocharged 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine with a performance package available to raise output to 227 hp. The Golf R now has a 221 kW (296 hp) turbocharged 2.0-liter four-cylinder with 4-Motion 4WD
The line Golf is available in all relevant drive: the Golf TSI, including GTI is gasoline, Golf TDI, including GTD is diesel, the Golf TGI is powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), e – Golf is powered by electricity, and the field of GTE is a hybrid plug-in. Using a mounting kit of the modular transverse matrix allows the manufacture of Golf models with gasoline, diesel, natural gas, electricity and hybrid units in bumper to bumper Volkswagen factories. The Mk7 Golf is set to appear in the ivory tower crew, making his second appearance in a racing game, the first being in the game DriveClub PS4
Volkswagen Golf Electric Versions
The Volkswagen Golfhas had several generations CityStromer made in electric models. The first was in 1970, when VW Golf Mk1 took a standard and converted to electrical energy. By the time the Golf Mk2 entered production became a limited range of electric Golfs, using packs of lead-acid and a bespoke engine and controller. VW continued with the production of a limited number of electric cars CityStromer with the introduction of the Golf Mk3. The electrical CityStromer Mk3 included a drive system based on Siemens AC and battery packs lead acid. They had a top speed of 97 km / h (60 mph) and a range of about 80 km (50 miles). With some exceptions, only left hand drive Golfs were converted by VW in CityStromer models. These vehicles are still used today and have popularity in mainland Europe, with only a few present in Britain.