The Volkswagen Beetle, officially the Volkswagen Type 1, or informally the Volkswagen Beetle, is a two-door, four-passenger, economy car rear engine manufactured and marketed by the German automaker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938-2003. The need for this type of car, and functional objectives were formulated by Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany, with the desire for a simple cheap to be mass produced for the new highways of your country car. Porsche contracted in 1934 to design and build their exacting standards. Ferdinand Porsche and his team took until 1938 to complete the design. Volkswagen Beetle is one of the first rear-engine cars. With over 21 million manufactured (21,529,464) in a rear-drive configuration,, with air-cooled rear engine, the Beetle is the longest running and most manufactured from a single design platform, worldwide car.
The Volkswagen Beetle was designed for sustained high speed on the highway. Ultimately led to variants, including the Volkswagen Karmann Ghia and Type 2. Bus Volkswagen Beetle had marked a significant trend led by Volkswagen, Fiat and Renault fixing the rear engine, rear-drive layout had increased from 2 , 6 percent of automobile production in continental western Europe in 1946 to 26.6 percent in 1956. The 1948 Citroën 2CV and other European models marked a further tendency to front wheel drive in the European small car market, a trend that would come to dominate that market. In 1974, the model itself FWD Golf Volkswagen Beetle achieved.
In 1994, Volkswagen unveiled the Concept One, a concept car-themed “retro” with a resemblance to the original Beetle, and in 1998 introduced the “New Beetle”, built on the platform of Golf with a style reminiscent of the type 1 Original. In a survey in 1999 of the world’s most influential car of the 20th century, Type 1 was fourth after the Ford Model T, the Mini, and the Citroën DS.
Volkswagen Beetle History
In April 1934, Adolf Hitler gave the order to Ferdinand Porsche to develop a Volkswagen. The Volks- literally, “people’s-” epithet was previously applied to other Nazi sponsored consumer goods, such as Volksempfänger (“radio people”). This was followed in May 1934, a meeting in Berlin Kaiserhof Hotel where Chancellor Hitler always Porsche more details, insisting on a basic vehicle capable of transporting two adults and three children at 100 km / h (62 mph) while more than seven liters of fuel per 100 km (32 mpg US / 39 mpg UK) is not used.
Ferdinand Porsche developed the Type 12 or “Auto für Jedermann” for Zündapp in 1931. Porsche already preferred the fourth floor of the engine, and selected a swing axle rear suspension (invented by Edmund Rumpler), while Zündapp insisted on a water-cooled five-cylinder radial engine. In 1932, three prototypes were running. All those cars were lost during World War II, the last in a bombing in Stuttgart in 1945.
On May 26, 1938, Hitler laid the foundation stone of the Volkswagen factory in Fallersleben. He gave a speech in which he named the car Kraft durch Freude-Wagen (“Kraft durch Freude Car”, usually abbreviated KdF-Wagen). The name refers to Kraft durch Freude (“Strength Through Joy”), the official leisure organization in the Third Reich. The model village of Stadt des KdF-Wagens was created near Fallersleben in Lower Saxony in 1938 for the benefit of workers factory new construction.
The factory had only produced a handful of cars by the outbreak of war in 1939, the first versions of volume produced car chassis were military vehicles, the Type 82 Kübelwagen (about 52,000 built) and the amphibious Schwimmwagen type 166 (about 14,000 built).
The first beetles were produced on a small scale in 1941. In occupied Germany, the Allies followed the Morgenthau plan to remove all German war potential by complete or partial pastoralization. As part of this, in the industrial plans for Germany, the rules for which industry Germany was to allow it to maintain enunciated. German car production was set at a maximum of 10% of car production figures 1936.
Type 1 (Volkswagen Beetle) was introduced in Japan in 1953, and was imported by Yanase dealerships in Japan. Its exterior dimensions and engine displacement were in accordance with the regulations of the Japanese government, which helped sales. Several Japanese vehicles were introduced after the Beetle was sold in Japan using an air-cooled engine and rear engine installation in the rear, as the Subaru 360, or an engine installed in the front, like the Honda N360 the Suzuki Fronte, and Mitsubishi Minica.
In 1952, John Colborne-Baber began importing small quantities of largely to meet demand beetle staff of the Air Force of the United States stationed in Kent. Today, Colborne Garages still maintain Volkswagen franchises for Guildford and Walton-on-Thames. In 1953 J.Gilder & Co. Ltd. in Sheffield, started selling beetles. Jack Gilder was fascinated by both the design and engineering of the Beetle when he found one in Belgium during the war. He applied for the franchise as soon as the opportunity presented itself and became the representative of Volkswagen in northern England. In 2013 Gilder Group was acquired by JCT600. R Fedden, best known for his extensive research on sleeve-valve engines, was granted in 1943 GB570814 patent, a narrow road vehicles on the look out VW “Beetle”.
The Volkswagen Beetle Cabriolet began production in 1949 by Karmann in Osnabrück. It was in 1948 when Wilhelm Karmann first bought a VW Beetle sedan and turned it into a four-seated convertible. After successfully submitting VW in Wolfsburg, production began in 1949. After a series of stylistic and technical changes to the Karmann cabriolet, (corresponding to the many changes Volkswagen Beetle made the long history), the last of 331,847 wine convertible conveyor January 10, 1980.
Volkswagen Beetle Design
The Volkswagen Beetle featured a, rear wheel drive, four-cylinder boxer rear air-cooled engine located in a two-door body with a flat front windshield, seats four passengers and providing luggage storage under the front hood and behind the backseat – and provide a drag coefficient of 0.41, the relatively good CD, the rear of the car was also streamlined help. The enclosed body with eighteen bolts to its nearly flat chassis including a central structural tunnel. Front and rear suspension featured torsion bars, along with front stabilizer bar – providing independent suspension on all four wheels. Certain baseline characteristics were reviewed, including mechanical drum brakes, split-window indicator, mechanical hatchbacks address box unsynchronized changes. Other features, such as its distinctive overall shape, supported.
Its engine, transmission and butts were built in light alloy. An engine oil cooler ensures optimum engine operating temperature and long engine life, optimized by a thermostat overlooking the oil cooler with a cold engine. Later models offered an automatic choke carburetor. The engine intake air passes through a metal filter, while heavier particles were captured by an oil bath. After 1960, management presented a hydraulic damper that absorbs irregularities address.
Indicative car utilitarian design, the interior featured painted metal surfaces, a pinch of metal instruments consolidation into one, log circular adjustable front seats, folding rear seat, rear windows swing optional output, front windows windows pivoting ventilation, heating through air-air collectors operating out engine heat exchange, and windshield washer system that avoided the complexity and cost of an additional electric pump and instead received its pressurization tire car spare (located in the front luggage compartment) that resulted too inflated to accommodate the function of the washer.
Volkswagen Beetle Challenge
The Volkswagen Beetle Challenge is a championship racing circuit in the UK for classic air-cooled Volkswagen Beetle. The general concept is to take any Beetle, of any age or model of the 40s through 1303S, and with minimal restrictions, allowing parts of several years to be exchanged, and of course the cars that prepares MSA safety requirements Essentially vehicles must be Aircooled beetle x 6 inches with a maximum wheel size of 15 inches with a control tire. Engines must be based on a case-type engine 1 without the electronic fuel injection or ignition and no forced induction, with unlimited capacity.