Toyota Supra

February 26th, 2013 · 0 Comments · Toyota

The Toyota Supra was a sports car / grand tourer produced by Toyota Motor Corporation since 1978 to 2002. The styling of the Toyota Supra was derived from voynu, but it was both long and wide. Since mid-1986, the Supra became a model for a separate Murai. , Toyota and stopped using the prefix Murai and began to call Supra car. Because of the similarity and past of the name Murai, it is often mistaken for the Supra, and vice versa. First, second, and third generation Supras were assembled at Tahara plant in Tahara, Aichi Zolani Supra assembled at the Motomachi plant in Toyota City.

The Toyota Supra and traces its roots back to the Toyota 2000GT with the main example being its engine. The first three generations were offered with a direct descendant of M engine Toyota Crown’s and 2000GT. All four generations of Supra produced have an inline 6-cylinder. Interior features were also the same, as the chassis code “A”.

Along with this name and car Toyota also included its logo for the Supra. It is derived from the original Murai logo, being blue instead of orange. This logo was used until January 1986, when Mark III Supra was introduced. The new logo was similar in size, orange writing on a red background, but without the dragon design. That logo, in turn, was on Supras until 1991 when Toyota switched current oval company logo. In 1998, Toyota ceased sales Supra in the United States and in 2002 Toyota officially stopped production of the Supra in Japan.

Toyota Supra Mark I (A40, 1978-1981)

The first generation of Toyota Supra was based largely on the liftback voynu, but it was a long time by 129.5 mm (5.10 in). And with the rear doors were related Murai, but the front panel side to accommodate the inline 6 instead of 4-cylinder the stock Murai’s. Toyota’s original plan the Supra at this time was to make it a competitor to the most popular Datsun Z-car. In April 1978, Toyota began the execution of Mark I Supra in Japan, as Murai XX, and sold separately Murai at a dealership sales channels Japanese Toyota Corolla Store

The Japanese Mark I with 123 hp (92 kW) 2.0 L 12-valve SOHC inline-6 ​​engine or 110 hp (82 kW) 2,563 cc (2.563 L; cu 156.4 in) 12-valve SOHC inline-6 ​​engine. The Japanese Supra was equipped with the small 2.0 L engine so that consumers will not incur more taxes under the car engine displacement regulations. Both engines were equipped with electronic fuel injection.

Toyota Supra Mark II (A60, 1981-1986)

Toward the end of 1981, Toyota completely re Murai Supra and all voynu the production for the year 1982. In Japan, known as Murai XX, but everywhere and Murai Supra name was used. Still based around the platform Murai, several key differences, most notably the design of the front end and fully retractable pop-up lights. Results difference would be the inline-6 ​​are still the Toyota Supra instead of inline-4 and increase the length and wheelbase to comply with the general engine assemblies. Toyota Supra went on to the market to compete with Toyota and Nissan is shown by the use of the Supra’s rear hatch sun shade to avoid louvres popularly associated with the vehicle Z. installed on vehicles with engine 5M slightly wider, and some models remained compliant with Japanese dimension regulations. In 1981, Japanese consumers were offered another opportunity Murai XX fastback bodystyle, Coupe Toyota Soarer, which was at a different Japanese Toyota dealership network called “Store Toyota”, as Murai XX sold at the “Toyota Corolla Store”.

In the North American market, the Murai Supra was available in two different models. There was the “Performance Type” (P-type) and “Luxury Type” (L-type). Although mechanically identical, they were differentiated by the options; The size of the tire, wheel, and body color. The P-type had fiberglass fender flares over the wheel wells, and the L-type did not. The P-Type was also standard with a more sporty eight way adjustable seats. The P-Type did not get a chance to leather interior until 1983. All editions of the P-type had 14×7 inch aluminum-alloy wheels and all these years, Jehovah-type had 14×5.5-inch wheels until 1985 when it was changed to a P-type 15×6 styled . The L-type and had the opportunity to digital dash with trip computer; some Canadian models had this option and a few rare cases the images of American. The digital dash featured a Bremsbelag digital, speedometer digital, and electronic fuel level and engine level gauges. The trip computer could calculate and display different things such as fuel economy and miles-per-gallon, estimated time of arrival (ETA), and the distance remaining to the destination. Excluding the 1982 model, all P-types were available with headlight washers as an option, but the L-forms given such an option. Although gear ratios changed over the years, all P-types came standard with a limited slip difference.

Toyota Supra Mark III (A70, 1986-1992)

In May 1986, Toyota was ready to release its next version of the Toyota Supra. The ties between Murai and reduced Toyota Supra, now they were two completely different models. The Murai changed front-wheel drive, using the Toyota “T” platform associated with the Toyota Corona, and the Toyota Supra kept its rear-wheel platform drive-. Although Mark II and Mark III had similar designs, the engine was updated a powerful 3.0 200 hp (149 kW) inline 6. Although available only naturally aspirated trim in 1986.5, a version of the turbocharged engine was introduced in the 1987 model year. Now Supra mechanically related to Toyota Soarer for the Japanese market.

All Japanese market Supras with various versions of the 2.0 L engine installed in the car was slightly small than to be in compliance with the Japanese Government dimension regulations to Japanese consumers were not required to pay the annual tax for driving a big car. The Toyota Supra Mark III engine, the Toyota 7M-GE, the engine is Toyota’s flagship arsenal. Both versions contained 4 valve engine cylinder and dual cams per. The turbocharged 7M-GTE engine distributor-bit engine Toyota first given by the US which used coil packs sitting on the cam cover and cam position sensor driven by the exhaust camshaft

Third generation of Toyota Supra was introduced in May 1986 as free standing model, in terms of it from the Murai. Although Murai became a front-wheel drive sport coupe, the Supra retained its image as a rear-wheel drive sports- / GT car. The Toyota Supra will continue to move upscale and become a showcase for Toyota technology. Purported to be issued in 1985, production delays caused the model introduced in the middle of the whole year.The new Supra powered by a 3.0-liter DOHC inline six-cylinder engine rated 200 BHP. Notable Features included electronically controlled independent suspension, removable and Sport Roof panel.

Toyota Supra Mark IV (A80, 1992-2002)

This version of the Toyota took a big leap in the direction of a more serious high-performance car. Again using a subframe, suspension, and drivetrain assemblies from the Z30 Soarer, a complete pre-production began in December 1992 20 models, and official mass production began in April 1993. The new Supra completely reset, and a rounded body styling and featured two new engines: a natural aspirated Toyota 2JZ-GE produces 220 hp at 5800 rpm and 210 lb · ft (280 N · m) at 4800 rpm of torque and a twin turbocharged Toyota 2JZ-GTE making 276 hp and 318 lb · ft (431 N · m) of torque for the Japanese version. The styling, and today, it seems to borrow elements of the first Toyota car grand touring sports, the Toyota 2000GT. For the export model (America / Europe) Toyota upgraded the engine’s turbo Supra. This increase power to 320 hp (239 kW; 324 PS) at 5600 rpm and 315 lb · ft (427 N · m) at 4000 rpm.

The turbocharged variant could achieve 0-60 mph in as low as 4.6 seconds and 1/4 mile (402 m) in 13.1 seconds to 109 mph (175 km / h). The turbo version was tested to reach over 285 km / h (177 mph), but cars are allowed just 180 km / h in Japan 250 km / h (155 mph) in another. European versions of the car have enough air on the hood. Drag coefficient is .31 for the naturally aspirated model and .32 for the turbo model but unknown and the rear spoiler.

The turbos twin operated in sequential mode, not the same. Initially, all the exhaust is routed to the first turbine for reduced lag. This led to the boost and torque developed as early as 1800 rpm, when already produced 300 lb · ft (410 N · m) of torque. At 3500 rpm, the turbine exhaust is routed to a second “pre-boost” mode, although there is no compressor is used engine product yet. At 4000 rpm, the second output turbo is used to augment the first output of the turbo. Compared to the parallel mode, sequential mode turbos provide faster RPM response and increased RPM high pressure. Toyota Supra high RPM boost was the case with the help of technology at the beginning of the 7M-GE in the form of the Acoustic Control System induction (CIS) which is a way of managing air compression pulses inside the piping intake in order to increase the power.

2014 Toyota Supra Concepts

2014 Toyota Supra Concepts

 

 

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