The Subaru is the car manufacturing division of Japanese transportation blend of Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), the second two automaker by production worldwide in 2012. Known for STI Subaru use of the boxer engine layout in STI cars above 1500cc and STI as the use of awd drive-train layout since 1972. The flat / boxer engine and all-wheel drive became standard equipment for mid-size and small cars MOST international markets in 1996, and is now a standard in VERY North American market Subaru vehicles. The difference is the lone BRZ, Introduced in 2012, Which use the boxer engine but it is rear-wheel drive-. And gives the Subaru turbocharged versions of their passenger cars: as the Impreza WRX and 2.5GT Legacy. The trims 2.5XT of the Outback and Forester also include a turbocharged engine.
Fuji Heavy Industries, the parent company of Subaru, is a partial Currently Partnership with Toyota Motor Corporation, which is 16.5% of FHI. Subaru Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster M45, or “The Seven Sisters”, and makes the logo and refers to the companies merged to create FHI.
Fuji Heavy Industries began as The Aircraft Research Laboratory in 1915, which was led by Chikuhei Nakajima. In 1932, the company Reorganized as Nakajima Aircraft Company, Ltd and quickly became the biggest maker of aircraft for Japan during World War II. At the end of the Second World War Nakajima Aircraft was again Reorganized This Time as Fuji Sangyo Co., Ltd. In 1946, the company created the Fuji Rabbit With scooter engine aircraft spare parts for the army. In 1950, Fuji Sangyo was divided into 12 small companies según 1950 Corporate Credit Act rearrangement, anti-zaibatsu law the Japanese Government. Between 1953 and 1955, four of these organizations and the corporation newly OF Fuji Kogyo, a scooter, coach-builders Fuji Jidosha, Omiya Fuji Kogyo engine manufacturers, chassis builders Utsunomiya Sharyo and the Tokyo Fuji Dangyo trading company the decision to come together to create Fuji Heavy Industries Known today.
Kenji Kita, CEO of Fuji Heavy Industries, was looking for a new company to be involved in, the car manufacturing and immediately began plans to build a car With The development code-name P-1. Mr. Kita canvassed the Company for suggestions Acerca injection P1, but no proposal was appealing enough. In the end I Gave The Japanese car that “the tender have been in Her Heart”: Subaru, Which is the name of the Pleiades star cluster in Japanese. The first Subaru car was named the Subaru 1500. Only two P1s owe because of the multiple supply issues. From 1954 to 2008 the company designed and manufactured Dozens of cars Including the 1500 (1954), the small air-cooled 360 (1958), the Sambar (1961), the 1000 (which saw the introduction of the Subaru boxer engine in 1965), the R -2 (1969), i-Rex and Leone (1971), the noh (1978), Subaru Alcyone (1985), the Subaru Legacy (1989), the Subaru Impreza (1993), the Forester (1997), the Subaru Tribeca (2005 ), the Subaru Exiga (2008), and the BRZ (2012).
Subaru Rally Team Japan led by Noriyuki Koseki ran Subaru Leone Coupe, sedan DL, Rx (SRV) and Rx Turbo in the Drivers World Championship Rally During 1980 and 1989 for single events included Ari Vatanen, Per Eklund, Vishal Mehta, Mike Kirkland, opossum Bourne and Harald Demut. Mike Kirkland finished 6 general won the A Group at the 1986 Safari Rally. Subaru only one year manufacturers combine combining 4WD and Turbo quattro Audi’s Successful had been Introduced in 1980, but Audi withdrew from the WRC after safety concerns and the risk of serious Ford season 1986. Subaru changed the rally model to Legacy RS for the period 1990 -1992 and took part in the first complete World Championship Rally With The same model in 1993.
Modified versions of the Impreza Wrx and Wrx Sti Have Competing successfully in the sign. Drivers Colin McRae (1995), Richard Burns (2001) and Petter Solberg (2003) Is Won World Championship Rally drivers ‘titles With The Subaru World Rally Team and Subaru took the manufacturers’ title three years in a row from 1995 to 1997 Subaru World’s Championship Rally cars are prepared and run by Prodrive, the Successful More British team. Several endurance records were in September in the early and mid-nineties by the Subaru Legacy.
Subaru was briefly involved Formula One racing circuit If it bought a controlling interest in the small Italian Colon team for season 1990. The Colon 3B’s 12-cylinder engine was badged as Subaru and shared the boxer layout With the company’s own engines, but the design is composed of strong Italian Motori Modern. The overweight and underpowered cars Were and cooperation broke down before the end of the season had finished. With the rise of rally racing and the scene Import in the US, the introduction of the most anticipated Subaru Impreza Wrx in 2001 succeeded in the business of high-performance compact awd cars equipped with a sports car. Subaru provides factory-backed team, Subaru Rally Team USA for Rally America and has won the driver’s title six times, most recently in 2011 with David Higgins. Grassroots Motorsports Subaru Awarded With The Editors’ Choice Award 2002.
On 16 December 2008, the Subaru announced that there would be no competition in the World Championships Rally. The decision was made Subaru’s parent company, Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), in part because of the economic but also because it was seen Subaru STI achieved a sports marketing objectives To. Mr Kuo Mori denied that alterations to the Regulations WRC Technical in 2010 or breakdown in the working relationship rumors HAD Prodrive With any impact of the decision. I also know that The possibility of a car Subaru back to the top of the WRC stage in the future is not zero, but at this moment there is no thought to a comeback.
Since 2006, Subaru of America (SOA), as the official distributor Subaru vehicles in the United States involvement of the Subaru Road Racing Team (SRRT) with Subaru Legacy 2.5 GT Spec B in the class Grand-Am Street Tuner. In 2010, SRRT campaigns Subaru Impreza Wrx STI in the Grand Sport class. In 2011, SRRT switched from the hatchback to the 2011 Subaru Impreza Wrx STI sedan. On 4 May 2012, Subaru Rally Team USA Announced That a new rallycross, Subaru Puma Rallycross Team USA will participate in the 2012 Global RallyCross Championship season Dave Mirra, Bucky Lasek, and Sverre Isachsen.
From model year 2005, Subaru has established Controller-area network (CAN) bus technology for the USA and Canada markets. Starting in model year 2007, all Subaru vehicles use the CAN technology Often, two CAN buses used vehicles:. A high-speed CAN running at 500 kbit / s communication of powertrain, and low-speed CAN running at 125 kbit / s for body functions and control instrument panel. A unit (Sibiu) body-integrated is used between the two networks.
Subaru Environmental Record
Subaru says to Do Implemented policies which include recycling, reducing Emissions dangerous, and educate their employees. Their efforts have helped them In Their efforts evolution. The Subaru plant in Lafayette, Indiana (SIA) was the first auto assembly plant achieve zero landfill status, nothing in the manufacturing process goes to landfill. The company has developed a plan for the recycling “end-of-life” their cars. Most of their products a modern re-use things around the car, in the engine, transmission, suspension, and other places each vehicle leaving the Subaru and 97.3% recycling rate ratio for the end-of-life vehicles.
An excerpt from the website Subaru “In 2006, SIA was given a Gold Achievement Award the United States Environmental Protection Agency as you reach the top in WasteWise program UNHCR to reduce waste and improve growth.” The website also said, ‘And Became the first US automotive assembly plant to chose a natural and wild. ” Currently Subaru offers Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle (PZEV) certified Legacy, Outback, Impreza and Forester models What is available for sale anywhere in the US Subaru PZEV vehicles meet California’s Super Ultra-Low-Emission Vehicle exhaust emission standard. All other models are certified Have LEV2.
Subaru Electric Cars
In June 2006, Fuji Heavy Industries, Inc. (FHI) The STI Subaru Stella Plug-in electric car What Kei car is equipped with a battery pack Lithium-ion. The vehicle has a short list of 56 miles (90 km) but costs more Whos the Mitsubishi iMiEV, at ¥4,38 million (US $44,860), including the Japanese Government treats the use of Taxes With an exemption of $ 2,240. And will be eligible for a discount Japanese government of up to $14,200, to bringing the price down to $30,660. Car like the i-Miev, with 47-kilowatt engine and a quick charge capability, but the two-door mini-car has a boxy shape. FHI plans to start delivery in late July and plans to sell 170 cars in March 2010.
In Japan, Subaru is currently testing two electric cars as Subaru and Subaru R1e G4e. The Subaru Hybrid Tourer Concept is a four-seat car Gull-wing doors with that includes 2-liter turbocharged direct-injection gasoline engine with transmission Continuously variable and two motors axle-mounted. A pack lithium-ion battery provides energy storage for the car.