Buick, Buick Motor Division formally, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM). For most of its existence in the North American market, Buick was marketed as a premium car brand, sales of luxury vehicles entry level positioned on its mainstream Chevrolet GM stablemate, and under the flagship Cadillac division . Buick holds the distinction of being the oldest active American automobile marque, and the Buick Motor Company was the original foundation of the establishment of General Motors in 1908 before the establishment of General Motors, GM founder William C . Durant previously served as general manager of Buick, Chevrolet Louis while his friend worked as a racing driver for Buick and later learned car design work there. 1939 Buick also pioneered the use of turn signals, which do not appear on other brands of cars until almost ten years later.
Since the cessation of Saturn in 2009, GM has positioned Buick to be analogous to its German Opel brand, sharing models and development. Buick brand vehicles are sold in the United States, Mexico, Canada and China. Buick sold 1,032,331 vehicles worldwide in year 2013, a record for the brand.
Buick is currently the oldest active North American automotive make, and among oldest automobile brands in the world. It originated as the Auto-Vim and Power Company in 1899 Buick engine, internal combustion engine and an independent car manufacturer and was incorporated later as the Buick Motor Company on May 19, 1903, by Scottish born David Dunbar Buick in Detroit , Michigan. Later that year, the company was taken over by James H. Whiting), who moved to his hometown of Flint, Michigan, and its brought in William C. Durant in 1904 to manage his acquisition. He teamed with RS McLaughlin in Canada in 1907 with a 15 year contract for 1908 GM motors Holding founded.VMC virtualmuseum.ca McLaughlin-Buick: “Canada Standard Car” Buick sold his stock for a small sum upon departure , and died in modest circumstances 25 years later.
Between 1899 and 1902, two prototype vehicles were built in Detroit, Michigan by Walter Lorenzo Marr. There is some documentation of the 1901 or 1902 prototype with tiller steering similar to the Oldsmobile Curved Dash. In 1904, another prototype was constructed for endurance run, which convinced James H. Whiting to authorize production of the first models offered to the public. The architecture of this prototype was basis for the Model B.
The first Buick made for sale, the 1904 Model B, was built in Flint, Michigan. There were 37 Buicks made that year, none of them survived. There are, however, two existing replicas: the 1904 endurance car, at Buick Gallery & Research Center in Flint, and Model B assembled by an enthusiast in California for the 100th anniversary division. These two vehicles use various parts from Buicks of that early era, as well as the fabricated parts. These vehicles were constructed with the two known surviving 1904 engines. Buick were first built to replicate living room in a moving automobile, and were nicknamed the “moving couch of America”.
The train and chassis architecture introduced on the Model B was continued through the 1909 Model F. The early success of the Buick is attributed in part to the valve in the head, or overhead valve (OHV) engine patented by Eugene Richard and developed by David Dunbar Buick. The Model F had a two cylinder engine running, the 87-inch wheelbase and weighed 1800 pounds creation of General Motors is attributed in part to the success of Buick, it can be said Marr and Richard designs directly led to GM.
The basic design of the 1904 Buick had aligned engineered even by today’s standards. The flat twin engine inherently balanced, with torque presented to chassis in a longitudinal, actually canceling lift the front end, rather than producing undesirable lateral motion. The engine was mounted amidships, considered the optimal location.
Durant was a natural promoter, and Buick soon became the largest car maker in America. Using profits from this, Durant embarked on a series of corporate acquisitions, calling the new General Motors mega-corporations. At first, the manufacturers comprising General Motors competed against each other, but Durant ended that. Each General Motors division to target one class of buyer, and in scheme, Buick was near the top – only the Cadillac brand had more prestige. Buick occupies position to this day in the General Motors lineup. The Buick customer is comfortably well off, possibly not the quite rich enough to afford a Cadillac, nor desiring ostentation of one, but the definitely in the market for car above the norm. Buick followed the likes of Napier in automobile racing, winning first ever race held at Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
In 1911, Buick introduced the first closed car body which, four years before Ford. In 1929, as part of General Motors program friends “do, Buick Motor Division launched the Marquette sister brand, designed to bridge price gap between Buick and Oldsmobile, however, Marquette was founded in 1930 Buick debuted two achievements key to the model year 1931, the Buick Straight-8 OHV engine and synchromesh transmission in all models but the Series 50 was offered eight three displacements, 220 cubic inches, was available in Series 50 of 77 brake HP. The Series 60 engine was a 272 cu. within. brake unit delivers 90 HP. The Series 80 and Series 90 used 344 cu. within. versions to 104 brake HP. Automatic vacuum-operated spark progression was another new feature to replace the spark steering lever mounted emergency lever though Dash was now assembled. Buick scored another first in 1939, when it became first company to introduce turn signals. all 1939 models also had a column shift lever steering mounted.
In 1930s Buicks were popular with the British royal family, particularly Edward VIII. Is imported and used Canadian built McLaughlin-Buick brand was top GMs in Canada, Cadillac not caught on there. George VI used one royal coast to coast tour of Canada in 1939.