In December 2012, officially took over as Jaguar and Land Rover Ltd, is a UK-based multinational automaker Whitley, Coventry, England, owner of Jaguar and Land Rover Automotive PLC, a subsidiary of the Indian auto manufacturer Tata Motors Company.
Jaguar was founded as the Swallow Sidecar Company by Sir William Lyons in 1922, originally making motorcycle sidecars before developing passenger cars. The name was changed to Jaguar after World War II, the unfavorable connotations of the SS initials avoided. Sale by the British Motor Corporation in 1968, which merged with Leyland Motor Corporation and was later nationalized as British Leyland, Jaguar was listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1984, and became a constituent of the FTSE 100 and that was in the Ford year acquired the 1990th Jaguar has, in recent years, manufactured cars for the British Prime Minister, is the latest installment in May 2010 XJ. The company also has real orders of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and His Royal Highness Prince Charles.
Today in Jaguar are engineering centers of Jaguar and Land Rover factory in Whitley, Coventry and Gaydon in Warwickshire designed and are manufactured in Jaguar Castle Bromwich assembly plant near Birmingham.
Birth Jaguar company
The Swallow Sidecar Company was founded in 1922 by two motorcycle enthusiasts, William Lyons and William Walmsley SS Cars Ltd. lead in 1935, the SS Jaguar name first appeared on a 2.5-liter saloon, sports models of which were SS 90 and SS 100.
Cash was shortly after World War II, and Jaguar sold the plant and traffic signs, a manufacturing company steel body it had acquired in the 1930s, when growth prospects seemed more natural. The buyer was Rubery Owen. Nevertheless, Jaguar relative economic success achieved with the first models of the postwar period were also difficult based on the automobile manufacturers in Coventry and the other company was John Black XS factory Buy Standard Motor Company, the six-cylinder engines, which had been feeding had built Jaguar .
Jaguar has made a name by a number of eye-catching sports cars such as the XK 120 of 1949, XK 140 and XK 150 and the E-Type 1961st They were all “mantra” Success Lyon and embodies value for money. “They have managed to prove in international motorsport, a path in the 1950s, followed by the technical integrity of the company’s products.
Jaguar sales slogan for years, “Grace, Space, Pace”, a mantra in record sales of the MK VII, IX, Mks I and II classrooms were added up later reached XJ6. The key to success of Bill Lyons after the Second World War, the DOHC six-cylinder engine, designed a pre-war design and design team from Coventry plant were Division. Their time between the observation and fire design of the new facility.
To put this in context, benchmark for racing and pre-war competition was the “double kicker”, or Twin Cam engine. Jaguar new engine is a hemispherical cross-flow cylinder head with valves inclined vertical, in 30 degrees and 45 degrees, and then normalized to 45 degrees with respect to the intake and exhaust valves.
XK engine in the E-type
As a relatively low octane were in 1948 three piston configuration were offered: a flat curve and split. The main designer, supports William “Bill” Heynes of Walter “Wally” Hassan was determined to design the COH unit twice. Bill Lyons agreed doubt Hassan. It was too risky to take what was once a career or low-volume and cantankerous engine needs constant cutting and applying to cars Limousine reasonable volume serial.
Jaguar-generation Ford Motor Company
Ford has buy in the United States and UK Jaguar shareholders to tender their shares in November 1989, the list of Jaguar in the London Stock Exchange on 28 Abducted in February 1990. In 1999 it became part of the Ford Premier Automotive Group, Aston Martin, Volvo Cars and, from 2000 Land Rover. Aston Martin was sold in 2007. Between Ford purchasing Jaguar in 1989 and selling in 2008 not earn any profit for the Dearborn-based automaker.
Under the ownership of Ford Jaguar has expanded its product range with the introduction of the S-Type X-Type 1999 and 2001. Since May 2000 purchase by Ford Land Rover, which is closely associated with Jaguar has always been. In many countries, they share a common sales and distribution network, and some models now have a common component, although the only shared production was the body and the Assembly Halewood, 2 for the X-Type and Freelander However, the two companies operating successfully integrated into a common management structure within Ford PAG.
On 11 Ford announced in June 2007 its intention to sell Jaguar and Land Rover with a hired Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley and HSBC to advise it on to the thing. The sale was initially expected to be announced in September 2007, but was delayed until March 2008. Private equity firms such as Alchemy Partners of the UK, TPG Capital, Ripplewood Holdings, Cerberus Capital Management and One Equity Partners U.S., Tata Motors of India and a consortium comprising Mahindra and Mahindra (automotive manufacturers in India) and Apollo Management all interests denominated in share buy Ford Motor Company.
Jaguar F-Type Convertible was launched in 2012 Paris Motor Show to life, after his lecture at the Goodwood Festival of Speed ??in June 2012, and is the successor to the legendary E-Type. It developed after the positive response to the Jaguar C-X16 Concept at Frankfurt Auto Show 2011. Sales will begin in 2013 with three engines, two petrol variants of V6 and V8 petrol AJ126 AJ133.
The Jaguar XF is a car introduced in control medium in 2008 to replace the S-Type. In January 2008, the XF was awarded the What Car? “Car of the Year ‘and’ Executive Car of the Year Award.” XF was also awarded Car of the Year 2008 What Diesel? Magazine. Motors are in the XF 2.2-liter I4 and V6 available 3.0-liter diesel V8 or 3.0 V6 petrol and 5.0-liter. 5.0-liter engine available in compressor XFR. From 2011, the 2.2-liter diesel Land Rover Freelander has been added to the area in the context of hand-washing.
The Jaguar XJ is a full-size luxury sedan. The model has been in production since 1968 with the first generation was the last Jaguar. His creative input by the company’s founder, Sir William Lyons In spring 2003, the third generation XJ arrived in showrooms and while the car interior and exterior in a traditional appearance, the car was completely redesigned. Claimed his style of many automotive journalists that the car looked old-fashioned and a bit more modern than its predecessor, many even citing that the ‘Lyons line was lost in the translation from Mark 2 Mark 3 XJ criticized under the cover was a very progressive aluminum construction that put the XJ very near the top of its class.
Jaguar has had to criticism with the introduction of the fourth generation XJ, launched in 2009 to life. The exterior design is a departure from previous XJ. With a younger, contemporary stance, following the design change that took effect before companies XF and XK.
The 5-liter V8 engine in the XJ Supersport can accelerate the car from 0-60 mph in 4.7 seconds and achieves a CO2 emission rating of the United Kingdom of 289 g / km. Sedan to market on to be, all XJ models with a longer wheelbase option, which offered increased legroom.
The Jaguar XK is a luxury grand tourer introduced in 2006, the XK8 was launched in 1996 into being replaced. The Jaguar XK introduced an aluminum monocoque body, and is available in two-door coupe and two-door convertible.