The Alfa Romeo Giulia is a sports sedan. Alfa was one of the first manufacturers to put a powerful engine in a light-weight car for mainstream production. The Giulia weighed about 1,000 kilograms. The car was equipped with a light alloy twin overhead camshaft four-cylinder engine, similar to that of the earlier Giulietta models range. Engine capacities offered were 1.3-litre or 1.6-litre. Various configurations of carburetors and tuning produced power outputs from about 80 to about 110 bhp. Almost all Giulias made had a 5-speed manual transmission. Giulias were noted for their lively performance among sedans of that era, especially considering the modest engine size. The popular Super version with the twin car burettor 1.6 litre engine had a top speed of 170 km per hour. 0 to 100 km per hour took about 12 seconds. This performance was better than many sports cars of the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The styling was quite straight forward, but with a great amount of detail. The engine bay, cabin and boot were all square shaped. But the grill, the rooflines and details on the bonnet and boot made for an integrated design from bumper to bumper. It was also a car with a particularly low drag coefficient for that era. For example, the drag coefficient of the Giulia was lower than that of a Porsche 911 from the same period.
Alfa Romeo Giulia First series (1962-1972)
Tipo 105.14 was the first model introduced in 1962. 1,570 cc Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine with single down-draft carburettor, 92 PS at 6500 rpm. The “Ti” nomenclature referred to a class of Italian saloon car racing known as “Turismo Internazionale”, and had previously been applied to higher-performance versions of the 1900 and Giulietta saloons in the 1950s. However, for the Giulia saloon, the Ti was at first the only version available, and later, with the introduction of the TI Super and Super, the TI became the base version for the 1,600 cc engine class. Steering column gearchange replaced with floor change for 1964.
Right hand drive available from 1964 with floor change only. Brakes were by drums all around at first. Discs were introduced later, first at the front, and later all around. A brake servo was not fitted at first, but was introduced in later cars. The steering wheel featured the only horn ring ever in the Giulia range. The dashboard with a strip speedo is a notable feature, as is the steering wheel with a horn ring. The Giulia TI was phased out in 1968 and re-introduced as the austerity model 1600 S.
Alfa Romeo Giulia Second Series (1972-1978)
Alfa Romeo Giulia Super 1.3 and Giulia Super 1.6: In 1972 a rationalization of the Giulia range saw the Super 1300 and the Super re-released as the Super 1.3 and Super 1.6. The two models featured the same equipment, interior and exterior trim, differing only in engine size and final drive ratio. The 1300 Ti was dropped. A small Alfa Romeo badge on the C-pillar is a distinguishing feature, as are hubcaps with exposed wheel nuts.
The Giulia Super range was re-released in 1974 as the Nuova Super range. This dropped the Giulia name and featured a new black plastic front grille and a flat bonnet without the characteristic center spine. Otherwise the cars differed little from their Giulia Super predecessors and bore the same Tipo numbers with an S suffix. Production ceased in 1977.
A Nuova Super fitted with a Perkins 1,760 cc diesel for 55 PS at 4000 rpm. The firm’s first attempt at diesel power. The same Perkins diesel was used also in Alfa Romeo F12 van. The diesel version was slow, 138 km/h, and the engine somehow unsuitable for a sport sedan so it was not big seller, only around 6500 examples made in 1976.
Alfa Romeo Giulia Spider, Sprint and Sprint Speciale
The Alfa Romeo Giulia Spider, Sprint and Sprint Speciale Giulias introduced together with the Giulia sedan in 1962 were rebadged and updated versions of earlier Giulietta models, now with a 1.6 litre instead of a 1.3 litre engine. Easiest to distinguish from a Giulietta is the Spider, which featured a bonnet bulge to clear the slightly taller engine. The Sprint coupe was also available for a short time with the 1.3 litre engine as the Sprint 1300 – essentially a Giulietta Sprint with a different name. Most models were discontinued in 1964. The Alfa Romeo Giulia Sprint Speciale continued until 1966.